Pipeline transport of biomass is an innovative way of transporting biomass as the materials are aggregated. Biorefineries can compete with existing refineries at scales similar to existing oil refineries. Large-scale biorefineries cannot rely on conventional transportation modes due to economic and congestion issues.

Amit Kumar's current research focuses on experimental work on the development and demonstration of pipeline transport of biomass. This work includes characterizing the rheology of various biomass slurries (straw, switchgrass, etc.).