Book and Journal Publications

(Names of Students/RAs/Postdocs are underlined)


Refereed Book Publications
  1. Oyedun AO, Kumar A. An assessment of the impacts of biomass processing methods on power generation. In: Abraham M (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies, Elsevier Inc., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2017, pp. 153-170 (invited).
  2. Olateju, B, Kumar, A. Clean energy-based production of hydrogen: an energy carrier. In: Yan J (Ed.). The Handbook of Clean Energy Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, U.K, 2015, 1-30 (invited).
  3. Kumar A, Sarkar S. Biohydrogen production from bio-oil. In: Pandey A, Larroche C, Gnansounou E, Ricke S.C, Claude-Gilles D (Eds.). Biofuels: Alternative Feedstocks and Conversion Processes, Elsevier Inc., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2011, 481-497 (invited).
Refereed Journal Publications
  1. Davis MAhiduzzaman M, Kumar M. Mapping Canadian energy flow from primary fuel to end use, Energy Conversion and Management, 2018, 156: 178-191.
  2. Akbari MOyedun AO, Kumar A. Ammonia production from black liquor gasification and co-gasification with pulp and waste sludges: A techno-economic assessment, Energy, 2017 (in press).
  3. Akbari MOyedun AO, Kumar A, Jain S. Options for conversion of by-products of pulp and paper mills in Western Canada, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 2017 (in press).
  4. Thaker S, Oni AO, Kumar A. Techno-economic evaluation of solar-based thermal energy storage systems, Energy Conversion and Management, 2017, 153: 423–434.
  5. Whalen J, Xu C, Shen F, Kumar A, Eklund M, Yan J. Sustainable biofuel production from forestry, agricultural, and waste biomass feedstocks. Editorial. Applied Energy, 2017, 198: 281-283 (invited).
  6. Kapila S, Oni AO, Kumar A. The development of techno-economic models for large-scale energy storage systems, Energy, 2017 (in press).
  7. Khan MM, Vaezi M, Kumar A. Optimal siting of solid waste-to-value-added facilities through a GIS-based assessment, Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 610-611, 1065-1075.
  8. Mahbub N, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Oestreich D, Arnold U, Sauer, J. A life cycle assessment of OME (oxymethylene ether) synthesis from biomass-derived syngas as a diesel additive, Journal of Cleaner Production, 2017, 165: 1249–1262.
  9. Ali B, Kumar A. Life cycle water-demand coefficients for conventional oil production from five North American locations, Water Research, 2017, 123: 290-300.
  10. Radpour S, Mondal MAH, Kumar A. Market penetration modeling of high energy efficiency appliances in the residential sector, Energy, 2017, 134: 951-961.
  11. Kumar M, Oyedun AO, Kumar A. A review on the current status of various hydrothermal technologies on biomass feedstock, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017 (in press).
  12. Sapkota K, Oni AO, Kumar A. A well-to-wheel life cycle assessment (LCA) of greenhouse gas emissions from Canadian oil sands supply chains for transportation fuels in China, 2017.(in press).
  13. Pankratz S, Oyedun AO, Zhang X, Kumar A. Algae production platforms for Canada's northern climate, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017, 80: 109–120.
  14. Ali B, Kumar A. Development of life cycle water footprints for oil sands-based transportation fuel production, Energy, 2017, 131: 41-49.
  15. Ullah M, Bell J, Vaezi M, Kumar A. Assessment of the waste-to-energy potential from Alberta’s food processing industry, Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 2017, 59: 8.1-8.9.
  16. Kumar M, Oyedun AO, Kumar A. Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass for production of diluents for bitumen transport, Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining, 2017, 11 (Sept./Oct.): 811-829.
  17. Di Lullo G, Zhang H, Kumar A. Uncertainty in well-to-tank with combustion greenhouse gas emissions of transportation fuels derived from North American crudes, Energy, 2017, 128, 475-486.
  18. Ali B, Kumar A. Development of water demand coefficients for power generation from renewable energy technologies, Energy & Conversion Management, 2017, 143, 470–481.
  19. Verma A, Nimana BS, Olateju B, Rahman MM, Radpour S, Canter CE, Subramanyam V, Paramashivan D, Vaezi M, Kumar A. A techno-economic assessment of bitumen and synthetic crude oil transport (SCO) in the Canadian oil sands industry: oil via rail or pipeline? Energy, 2017, 124, 665–683.
  20. Subramanyam V, Kumar A, Ahiduzzaman M. Greenhouse gas emissions mitigation potential in the commercial and institutional sector, Energy & Buildings, 2017, 140, 295–304.
  21. Nimana BS, Verma A, Di Lullo G, Rahman MM, Canter CE, Olateju B, Zhang H, Kumar A. Life cycle analysis of bitumen transportation to refineries by rail and pipeline, Environmental Science and Technology, 2017, 51 (1), 680–691.
  22. Subramanyam V, Kumar A, Talaei A, Mondal MAH. Energy efficiency improvement opportunities and associated greenhouse gas abatement costs for the residential sector, Energy, 2017, 118, 795–807.
  23. Mohajerani S, Kumar A, Oni A. A techno-economic assessment of gas-to-liquid and coal-to-liquid plants through development of scale factors, 2016 (in press).
  24. Raj R, Suman R, Ghandehariun S, Kumar A, Tiwari MK. A techno-economic assessment of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) production facilities in Western Canada, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 2016, 18: 140–152.
  25. Di Lullo G, Zhang H, Kumar A. Evaluation of uncertainty in the life cycle assessment of well-to-tank and combustion greenhouse gas emissions of various transportation fuels, Applied Energy, 2016, 184: 413-426.
  26. Olateju B, Kumar A. A techno-economic assessment of hydrogen production from hydropower in western Canada for the upgrading of bitumen from oil sands, Energy, 2016, 115: 604-614.
  27. Raj R, Ghandehariun S, Kumar A, Geng J. Linwei M. A techno-economic study of shipping LNG to the Asia-Pacific from western Canada by LNG carrier, Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 2016, 34: 979–992.
  28. Ghatora S, Kumar M, Vaezi M, Kumar A, Bressler D. Monitoring sugar release during pipeline hydro-transport of wheat straw, Biomass & Bioenergy, 2016, 93:144-149.
  29. Wong A, Zhang H, Kumar A. Life cycle water footprint of hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel production from lignocellulosic biomass, Water Research, 2016, 102: 330–345.
  30. Raj R, Ghandehariun S, Kumar A, Linwei M. A well-to-wire life cycle assessment of Canadian shale gas for electricity generation in China, Energy, 2016, 111: 642–652.
  31. Ghandehariun S, Kumar A. Life cycle assessment of wind-based hydrogen production in Western Canada, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016, 41: 9696–9704.
  32. Wong A, Zhang H, Kumar A. Life cycle assessment of renewable diesel from lignocellulosic biomass, The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2016, 21(10): 1404-1424.
  33. Olateju B, Kumar A, Secanell M. A techno-economic assessment of large scale wind-hydrogen production with energy storage in western Canada, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016, 41, 21: 8755-8776.
  34. Zhang X, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Oestreich D, Arnold U, Sauer J. An optimized process design for oxymethylene ethers production from woody-biomass-derived syngas, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2016, 90: 7-14.
  35. Thakkar, J, Kumar, A. Ghatora, S, Canter, CE. Energy balance and greenhouse gas emissions of production and sequestration of charcoal from agricultural residues, Renewable Energy, 2016, 94: 558-567.
  36. Shahrukh H, Oyedun A.O, Kumar A, Ghiasi B, Kumar L, Sokhansanj S. Comparative NER analysis of steam pretreated pellet process for agricultural residues and energy crops, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2016, 90: 50-59.
  37. Shahrukh H, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Ghiasi B, Kumar L, Sokhansanj S. Techno-economic assessment of pellets produced from steam pretreated biomass feedstocks, Biomass & Bioenergy, 2016, 87: 131-143.
  38. Agbor E, Oyedun AO, Zhang X, Kumar A. Integrated techno-economic and environmental assessments of sixty scenarios for co-firing biomass with coal and natural gas, Applied Energy, 2016, 169: 433-449.
  39. Rahman MM, Khan M, Ullah MA, Zhang X, Kumar A. A hybrid renewable energy system for a North American off-grid community, Energy, 2016, 97: 151-160.
  40. Ali B, Kumar A. Development of life cycle water footprints for gas-fired power generation technologies, Energy Conversion & Management, 2016, 110: 386-396.
  41. Khan MM, Jain S, Vaezi M, Kumar A. Development of a decision model for the techno-economic assessment of municipal solid waste utilization pathways, Waste Management, 2016, 48: 548–564.
  42. Patel M, Kumar A. Production of renewable diesel through the hydroprocessing of lignocellulosic biomass derived bio oil: a review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2016, 58:1293-1307.
  43. Patel M, Zhang X, Kumar A. Techno-economic and life cycle assessment of lignocellulosic biomass-based thermochemical conversion technologies: a review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, 53: 1486-1499
  44. Verma A, Olateju B, Kumar A, Gupta R. Development of a process simulation model for energy analysis of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification (UCG), International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2015, 40: 10705-10719.
  45. Nimana BS, Canter CE, Kumar A. Life cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from Canada’s oil sands derived transportation fuels, Energy, 2015, 88: 544-554.
  46. Shahrukh H, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Ghiasi B, Kumar L, Sokhansanj S. Net energy ratio for the production of steam pretreated biomass-based pellets, Biomass & Bioenergy, 2015, 80: 286-297.
  47. Vaezi M, Kumar A. Pipeline hydraulic transport of biomass materials: a review of experimental programs, empirical correlations, and economic assessments, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2015, 81: 70-82.
  48. Rahman MM, Canter CE, Kumar A. Well-to-wheel life cycle assessment of transportation fuels derived from different North American conventional crudes, Applied Energy, 2015, 15: 159-173.
  49. Graves B, Wong A, Mousavi K, Canter CE, Kumar A. Techno-economic assessment of thorium power in Canada, Annals of Nuclear Energy, 2015, 85: 481-487.
  50. Verma A, Raj R, Kumar M, Ghandehariun S, Kumar A. Assessment of renewable energy technologies for charging electric vehicles in Canada, Energy, 2015, 86: 548-559.
  51. Verma A, Olateju B, Kumar A. Greenhouse gas abatement costs of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification (UCG), Energy, 2015, 85: 556–568.
  52. Verma A, Kumar A. Life cycle assessment (LCA) of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification (UCG) with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS), Applied Energy, 2015, 147: 556-568.
  53. Vaezi M, Nimana BS, Kumar A. Is the pipeline hydro-transport of wheat straw and corn stover to a biorefinery realistic? Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Biorefining, 2015, 9, 5: 501-515.
  54. Nimana BS, Canter CE, Kumar A. Energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in upgrading and refining of Canada’s oil sands products, Energy, 2015, 83: 65-79.
  55. Nimana BS, Canter CE, Kumar A. Energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the recovery and extraction of crude bitumen from Canada's oil sands, Applied Energy, 2015, 143: 189-199.
  56. Singh S, Kumar A, Jain S. Impact of biofuel production on water demand in Alberta, Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 2015, 56: 8.11-8.22.
  57. Subramanyam V, Paramshivan D, Kumar A, Mondal, A. Using Sankey diagrams to map energy flow from primary fuel to end use, Energy Conversion and Management, 2015, 91: 342-352.
  58. Ali B, Kumar A. Development of life cycle water-demand coefficients for coal-based power generation technologies, Energy Conversion and Management, 2015, 90: 247-260.
  59. Rudra S, Rosendahl L, Kumar A. Development of net energy ratio and emission factor for quad-generation pathways, Energy Systems, 2014, 5: 719-735.
  60. Vaezi M, Kumar A. Development of correlations for the flow of agricultural residues slurries in pipes for bio-refining, Biosystems Engineering, 2014, 127, 144-158.
  61. Agbor E, Zhang X, Kumar A. A review of biomass co-firing in North America, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014, 40, 930-943.
  62. Vaezi M, Kumar A. The flow of wheat straw suspensions in an open-impeller centrifugal pump, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2014, 69, 106-123.
  63. Rahman MM, Canter CE, Kumar, A. Greenhouse gas emissions from recovery of various North American conventional crudes, Energy, 2014, 74, 607-617.
  64. Thakur A, Canter CE.E, Kumar A. Life-cycle energy and emission analysis of power generation from forest biomass, Applied Energy, 2014, 128, 246-253.
  65. Luk J, Safaei-Mohamadabadi H, Kumar A. Pipeline transport of biomass: experimental development of wheat straw slurry pressure loss gradients, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2014, 128, 246-253.
  66. Miller P, Kumar A. Techno-economic assessment of hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel production from canola and camelina, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 2014, 6, 105-115.
  67. Olateju B, Monds J, Kumar A. Large scale hydrogen production from wind energy for upgrading of bitumen from oil sands, Applied Energy, 2014, 118 (1), 48-56.
  68. Sultana A, Kumar A. Development of tortuosity factor for assessment of lignocellulosic biomass delivery cost to a biorefinery, Applied Energy, 2014, 19, 288-295.
  69. Vaezi M, Kumar A.K, Kumar A. Investigation into the mechanisms of pipeline transport of slurries of wheat straw and corn stover to supply a bio-refinery, Biosystems Engineering, 2014, 118, 52-67.
  70. Miller P, Kumar A. Development of emission parameters and net energy ratio for renewable diesel from canola and camelina, Energy, 2013, 58 (1), 426-437.
  71. Olateju B, Kumar A. Techno-economic assessment of hydrogen production from underground coal gasification (UCG) with carbon capture and storage (CCS) for upgrading bitumen from oil sands, Applied Energy, 2013, 111, 428-440.
  72. Vaezi M, Pandey V, Kumar A, Bhattacharyya S. Lignocellulosic biomass particle shape and size distribution analysis using digital image processing for pipeline hydro-transportation, Biosystems Engineering, 2013, 114(2), 97-112.
  73. Kabir MR, Kumar A. Comparison of the energy and environmental performances of nine biomass/coal co-firing pathways, Bioresource Technology, 2012, 124, 394-405. (
  74. Dassanayake, G.D.M, Kumar A. Techno-economic assessment of triticale straw for power generation, Applied Energy, 2012, 98, 236-245.
  75. Sultana A, Kumar A. Ranking of biomass pellets by integration of economical, environmental and technical factors, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2012, 39, 344-355.
  76. Miller P, Sultana A, Kumar A. Optimum scale of feedstock processing for renewable diesel production, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 2012, 6(2), 188-204.
  77. Sultana A, Kumar A. Optimal siting and size of bioenergy facilities using geographic information system, Applied Energy, 2012, 91(1), 192-201.
  78. Olateju B, Kumar A. Hydrogen production from wind energy in western Canada for upgrading bitumen from oil sands, Energy, 2011, 36(11), 6326-6329.
  79. Miller P, Olateju B, Kumar A. A techno-economic analysis of cost savings for retrofitting industrial aerial coolers with variable frequency drives, Energy Conversion and Management 2011, 52(1), 81-89.
  80. Sultana A, Kumar A. Optimal configuration and combination of multiple lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks for a biorefinery, Bioresource Technology, 2011, 102(21), 9947-9956.
  81. Kabir MR, Kumar A. Development of net energy ratio and emission factor for biohydrogen production pathways, Bioresource Technology, 2011, 102(19), 8972-8985.
  82. Sarkar S, Kumar A, Sultana A. Biofuels and biochemicals production from forest biomass in western Canada, Energy, 2011, 38(10), 6251-6262.
  83. Singh S, Kumar A, Ali B. Integration of energy and water consumption factors for biomass conversion pathways, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 2011, 5(4), 399-409.
  84. Sultana A, Kumar A. Development of energy and emission parameters for densified form of lignocellulosic biomass, Energy, 2011, 36(5), 2716-2732
  85. Singh S, Kumar A. Development of water requirement factors for biomass conversion pathways, Bioresource Technology, 2011, 102(2), 1316-1328.
  86. Sarkar S, Kumar A. Large-scale biohydrogen production from bio-oil, Bioresource Technology, 2010, 101(19), 7350-7361. (
  87. Luk J, Fernandes H, Kumar A. A conceptual framework for siting biorefineries in the Canadian Prairies, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 2010, 4(4), 408-422.
  88. Pootakham T, Kumar A. Bio-oil transport by pipeline: a techno-economic assessment, Bioresource Technology, 2010, 101(18), 7137-7143.
  89. Sultana S, Kumar A, Harfield D. Development of agri-pellet production cost and optimum size, Bioresource Technology, 2010, 101(14), 5609-5621.
  90. Sarkar S, Kumar A. Biohydrogen production from forest and agricultural residues for upgrading of bitumen from oil sands, Energy, 2010, 35(2), 582-591.
  91. Sarkar S, Kumar A. Techno-economic assessment of biohydrogen production from forest biomass in Western Canada, Transactions of the ASABE, 2009, 52(2), 1-12.
  92. Pootakham T, Kumar A. A comparison of pipeline versus truck transport of bio-oil, Bioresource Technology, 2009, 101(1), 414-421.
  93. Safaei-Mohamadabadi H, Tichokowsky G, Kumar A. Development of a multi-criteria assessment model for ranking of renewable and non-renewable transportation fuel vehicles, Energy, 2009, 34(1), 112-125.
  94. Kumar A. A conceptual comparison of bioenergy options for using mountain pine beetle infested wood in western Canada, Bioresource Technology, 2009, 100(1), 387-399.
  95. Sokhansanj S, Mani S, Turhollow A, Kumar A, Bransby D, Lynd L, Laser M. Large-scale production, harvest and transport of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) - current technology and visioning a mature technology, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 2009, 3(2), 124-141 (invited paper).
  96. Kumar A, Flynn PC, Sokhansanj S. Biopower generation from mountain pine infested wood in Canada: an economical opportunity for greenhouse gas mitigation, Renewable Energy, 2008, 33(6), 1354-1363.
  97. Kumar A, Sokhansanj S. Switchgrass (Panicum vigratum, L.) delivery to a biorefinery using integrated biomass supply analysis and logistics (IBSAL) model, Bioresource Technology, 2007, 98(5), 1033-1044.
  98. Cameron JB, Kumar A, Flynn PC. The impact of feedstock cost on technology selection and optimum size, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2007, 31(2-3), 137-144.
  99. Searcy E, Flynn PC, Ghafoori E, Kumar A. The relative cost of bioenergy transport, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2007, Vol. 136-140, 639-652.
  100. Kumar A, Sokhansanj S, Flynn PC. Development of a multi-criteria assessment model for ranking biomass feedstock collection and transportation systems, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2006, 129(1-3), 71-87.
  101. Kumar A, Flynn PC. Uptake of fluids by boreal wood chips: implications for bioenergy, Fuel Processing Technology, 2006, 87(7), 605-608.
  102. Sokhansanj S, Kumar A, Turhollow AF. Development and implementation of integrated biomass supply analysis and logistics (IBSAL) model, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2006, 30(10), 838-847.
  103. Kumar A, Cameron JB, Flynn PC. Large-scale ethanol fermentation through pipeline delivery of biomass, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2005, 121(1-3), 0047-0058.
  104. Kumar A, Cameron JB, Flynn PC. Pipeline transport and simultaneous saccharification of corn stover, Bioresource Technology, 2005, 96 (7), 819-829.
  105. Kumar A, Cameron JB, Flynn PC. Pipeline transport of biomass, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2004, 113(1-3), 027-040.
  106. Kumar A, Cameron JB, Flynn PC. Biomass power cost and optimum plant size in western Canada, Biomass and Bioenergy, 2003, 24(6), pp. 445-464.
  107. Kumar A, Bhattacharya SC, Pham HL. Greenhouse gas mitigation potential of biomass energy technologies in Vietnam using the long range energy alternative planning system model, Energy, 2003, 28(7), pp. 627-654
Papers in Review
  1. Talaei AOni AOAhiduzzaman MdRoychaudhuri PSRutherford J, Kumar A. Development of long-term energy efficiency improvement and greenhouse gas emissions mitigation options for the cement industry, Energy and Conversion Management.
  2. Nogueira Jr EKumar MPankratz SOyedun O, Kumar A. Development of life cycle water footprints for the production of diluent and hydrogen from algae biomass, Water Research, 2017.
  3. Davis MAhiduzzaman M, Kumar A. How to model a complex national energy system? Developing an integrated energy systems framework for long-term energy and emissions analysis, International Journal of Global Warming, 2017.
  4. Davis MAhiduzzaman M, Kumar A. How will Canada’s GHG emissions change by 2050? A disaggregated analysis of past and future GHG emissions using bottom-up energy modelling and Sankey diagrams, Applied Energy, 2017.
  5. Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Oestreich D, Arnold U, Sauer J  Development of cost of production of oxymethylene ethers as diesel additives from biomass, Journal of Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, 2017
  6. Patel M, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Gupta R. Predicting the performance of fast pyrolysis in a fluidized bed reactor, Energy & Conversion Management, 2017.
  7. Patel M, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Gupta R. Predicting the performance of fast pyrolysis in a fluidized bed reactor, Energy & Conversion Management, 2017.
  8. Sapkota K, Oni AO, Kumar A. Techno-economic and life cycle assessments of the natural gas supply chain from production sites in Canada to north and southwest Europe, 2017.
  9. Talaei A, Ahiduzzaman M, Kumar A. The development of framework for the assessment of long-term energy efficiency options and associated greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in the chemical sector, 2017.
  10. Sapkota K, Oni AO, Kumar A, Linwei M. A techno-economic assessment of the extraction, transportation, upgrading, and shipping of Canadian oil sands products to the Asia-Pacific region, 2017.
  11. Patel M, Oyedun A, Kumar A, Gupta R. A techno-economic assessment of renewable diesel and gasoline production from aspen hardwood, 2017.
  12. Davis M, Ahiduzzaman M, Kumar A. The development of energy and GHG outlooks to 2050 for Canada using an integrated multi-regional LEAP-Canada energy model, 2017.
  13. Davis M, Ahiduzzaman M, Kumar A. An analysis of Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions with Sankey diagrams, 2017.
  14. Mahbub N, Zhang H, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Poganietz W-R. Life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) of oxymethylene ether as a diesel additive produced from forest biomass, 2017.
  15. Patel M, Oyedun AO, Kumar A, Gupta R. Study of the pyrolysis kinetics of a series of lignocellulosic biomass - A Canadian perspective, 2017.
  16. Agrawal N, Ahiduzzaman M, Kumar A. The development of integrated model for the assessment of water and GHG footprints for the power generation sector, 2017.
  17. Bonyad M, Shafique HU, Mondal MAH, Subramanyam V, Kumar A, Ahiduzzaman M. Development of a framework for the assessment of energy demand-based greenhouse gas mitigation options for the agriculture sector, 2017.
  18. Radpour S, Mondal MAH, Paramashivan D, Kumar A. A review and analysis of the models used to assess the market penetration of energy technologies with a focus on quantity-based models, 2017.
  19. Lotfizadeh H, Palomino A, McDonald A, Kumar A. Analysis and assessment of combo-heating systems for residential applications in cold climate regions,  2016.